Pregnant women are at a greater risk of dental problems due to hormonal changes. Gingivitis and non-cancerous pregnancy tumors are quite common in those who do not take proper care of their dental health. Proper brushing and flossing, with regular dental visits, will help to ward off dental infections when you are pregnant.
What causes gingivitis during pregnancy?
Increase in the progesterone levels heightens your gum’s reaction to plaque. If the plaque is not removed, it may lead to a periodontal disease named gingivitis. This may occur anytime from the second to eighth month of pregnancy and women should watch out for the symptoms. The gums become tender and swelling can be seen. Should you notice symptoms, a professional cleaning may be required, as untreated gingivitis can loosen the teeth by weakening the gum tissues.
Caused by an extreme inflammatory reaction to a local irritant, such as food particles or plaque, these tumors are basically gum tissue overgrowths that are not cancerous, but can be very inconvenient. They have a mulberry-like surface, appear red and raw-looking and are found on the gums. Usually these growths recede after pregnancy, but they may be removed by your dentist.
Dentist visits during pregnancy
Pregnant women should take extra care of their dental health to ensure they stay safe from dental problems. Regular visits to the dentist for cleaning and checkups are mandatory. Be sure to inform your dentist that you are pregnant, as this will affect the treatment. For example, if a radiograph (x-ray) is required, your dentist will cover your abdomen with a protective apron.
Dental care and diet
Regular brushing and flossing of teeth is a must. Try to keep your mouth as clean as possible. You also need to eat with care during pregnancy. Frequent snacking exposes your teeth to bacterial attack and subsequent erosion of enamel. Eat at regular intervals and remember to clean your teeth afterward, so you don’t leave your teeth vulnerable to bacterial infections. Eat more fruits and vegetables like apples and carrots that not only are healthy for you, but also clean your teeth naturally.